Gastrointestinal Surgery Hospitals in India
Gastro intestinal surgery is that form of surgery which is required to treat diseases of our gastro intestinal system. Our digestive system comprises of all the organs that work collectively to convert food into energy which help in feeding the entire body. The surgeries of this field are divided into two parts –
1. Upper gastrointestinal – The upper GI surgery focuses on the upper parts of the gastrointestinal tract such as gall bladder, liver, pancreas, oesophagus, stomach and small bowel. Some of the conditions treated are gallstones, ulcer, cancer, cysts, pancreatic etc. In performing this procedure, operations such as Pancreaticoduodenectomy, esophagectomy, liver resection etc. may be imparted.
2. Lower gastrointestinal – The lower GI surgery focuses on the lower parts of gastrointestinal surgery such as small intestine, large intestine, anus etc. Some of the conditions treated are hernia , lower gastrointestinal cancer, colorectal cancer etc. The operations imparted are – flexible sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, colorectal surgery etc.
Some of the common procedures that are given are mentioned as follows –
1. Hernia repair – Hernia is a condition in which there is an exit of the tissue through the wall of the cavity in which it resides. Hernia surgery is the surgical repair of that condition. There are two types of hernia repair surgery. One of them is Open inguinal hernia repair in which an incision is made in the skin directly over the hernia. The other one is laparoscopic surgery in which only small incisions are made adjacent to the hernia and minimally invasive camera and equipment are used.
2. Haemorrhoidectomy for piles – Piles (hemorrhoid) is a painful condition in which there are swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum and anus which can also cause bleeding. Haemorrhoidectomy is an operation to removes piles. It is carried out under general anesthesia and it involves opening the anus gently and cutting out of the hemorrhoid.
3. Whipple procedure for cancer – Whipple procedure or pancreaticoduodenectomy is the most common operation to treat pancreatic cancer. It is a complex but effective surgery with five year survival rate of up to 25 percent. In this procedure, the head part of the pancreas which lies next to the first part of the small intestine is removed. Then, duodenum, a portion of the common bile duct, gall bladder and in some cases, part of the stomach is also removed.
It is a minimally invasive laparoscopic technique to treat conditions of upper gastro intestinal tract such as hiatal hernias and achalasia.
Under the influence of general anesthesia, this procedure takes just two to three hours to complete and patient usually spend one night in the hospital.
When compared with conventional procedures, this surgery is less painful with lower blood loss along with quicker recovery time.
The dissection is more precise and less disruptive which helps control potential sources of bleeding.